Cranial Electrical Stimulation Treatment
This small prescription medical device uses safe and effective Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) therapy to dramatically reduce anxiety, depression, pain, and sleep disturbances. The technology is based on an exclusive patented waveform that is the most researched and proven of its kind. A mild electrical current passes between two electrodes that clip on to your earlobes, sending a signal to your brain that provides a frequency to the brain that is very regulating. The current is often sub-sensory, meaning most people cannot feel it; complete control over the settings is available in terms of the amount of current that is comfortable to the individual.
Our cranial electrotherapy stimulation device addresses the symptoms mentioned quickly and safely often without depending on medication. It can be used prior to the EEG Biofeedback or purchased for daily home use by prescription at Dr. Marshall’s office.
Integrated Listening Therapy (ILS)
Neuro-plasticity is the brain’s ability to reorganize itself by forming new neural connections throughout life. For example if one hemisphere of the brain is damaged either by injury or disease, the intact hemisphere may take over some of its functions. This is accomplished by reorganizing and forming new neural pathways. The integrated listening program stimulates activity of the cerebellum to strengthen neural connections and in the process builds patterns for further development in learning and coordination. An additional part of the listening program is the stimulation of the vestibular system. The vestibule, located in the inner ear, has 3 main functions: Balance, Posture and Eye Movement. These three functions play an important role in our sense of who we are and where we are in our environment, in our ability to move in a smooth and coordinated way, the tone and strength of our muscle development, and the eye tracking ability required for learning.
The tone of all the muscles in our body is in a large part dependent on the vestibular system. It is this system that tells your body how much muscle tension is needed to perform a particular function. Movement, listening and visual stimulation are vital to our ability to learn and process information. As these 3 systems are so interrelated, ‘exercising’ them simultaneously is a holistic approach which requires the brain to become better at integrating multi-sensory information. We are essentially re-training the brain to become more efficient and effective, and in the process strengthening neural connections to improve performance. When done in conjunction with specific Sensory Processing techniques, the results of therapy can be measurable.
Interactive Metronome* (IM) is a computer-based training program that has been shown to improve attention, coordination and timing for individuals with sensory processing difficulties. People who may benefit from use of the IM include children and adults with attention deficit disorders, motor planning problems, poor coordination, post-stroke or traumatic brain injury issues, gross and fine-motor concerns, and some learning and language disorders. IM can also be used as a mechanism to enhance academic performance and aid in a wide range of cognitive difficulties. The IM combines principles of the music metronome with the power of a computer to precisely measure and improve human performance. It is the only research-based technology program that uses interactive exercises and a patented auditory guidance system to measure and improve one’s rhythm and timing.
By improving this fundamental ability, the individual learns to plan, sequence and process information more effectively. The IM works by using special head-phones and hand and foot sensors to measure how closely a participant responds to the computer generated beat. Participants are challenged to synchronize a hand and foot movements with a tone heard through headphones. Audio and visual feedback signals participants about their performance. IM provides a non-invasive way to stimulate learning and motor development. Interactive Metronome training typically consists of 15 one-hour sessions, usually three-five times per week. We can assist with this frequency by providing home units for training. The trainee progresses through a series of exercises to systematically improve their timing, focus and concentration to lower their IM scores. The IM training can be adjusted and utilized with additional techniques to address concerns in individual therapy sessions. We are licensed IM-Home Providers.* Interactive Metronome is a registered trademark. Interactive Metronome.com
At the cellular level, visible red and near infrared light energy stimulates cells to generate more energy and undergo self-repair. Each cell has mitochondria, which perform the function of producing cellular energy called “ATP”.
Dr. Marshall has two different Photobiomodulation devices which target conditions such as Dementia and Alzheimer’s or ADHD and Traumatic Brain Injury. They are an effective supportive therapy for EEG Biofeedback for these conditions.
Research below explains in more depth the use of transcranial light through Photobiomodulation as well as current research by well-respected medical institutions that are researching the use of this approach with cognitive brain impairments.
Augmentation of cognitive brain functions with transcranial infrared light”; Francisco Gonzalez-Lima (PhD), Douglas W Barrett (MD). There are a number of research studies that support the use of Photobiomodulation in mild to severe Dementia. The research links are as follows:
- Significant Improvement in Cognition in Mild to Moderately Severe Dementia Cases Treated with Transcranial Plus Intranasal Photobiomodulation: Case Series Report: Co-authoring institutes – Harvard Medical School, Boston University School of Medicine [Abstract Link (US National Library of Medicine) | Full Publication (US National Library of Medicine) | Download Transcript ]
- Molecular Targets for Photobiomodulation
Stanford University School of Medicine: [ Link]
- Oregon Health and Science University: [ Link 1| Link 2]
Review of brain photobiomodulation : targeting brain metabolism, inflammation, oxidative stress, and neurogenesis
- Massachusetts General Hospital: [ Link]
Shining light on the head: Photobiomodulation for brain disorders
- Massachusetts General Hospital: [ Link]
Augmentation of cognitive brain functions with transcranial lasers
- Department of Psychology and Institute for Neuroscience, University of Texas: [ Link]
Neurological and psychological applications of transcranial lasers and LEDs
- Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, University of Texas: [ Link]
Photobiomodulation – mitochondrial ROS generation and calcium increase in neuronal synapses.
- of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin: [ Link]
A novel method of applying NIR light intracranially, impact on dopaminergic cell survival
- University of Sydney, CEA-Leti: [ Link]